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National Teacher of the Year Finalist, Rob Stephenson, presents instructional strategies and the integration of STEM education challenges in his third grade …

The sixth video in Dr. Richard Brown’s philosophy of mind course. In this video we discuss the history of the mind-body problem. After a brief review of Socr…

Substance dualism is the view that the mind (or the mental) and body (or the physical) are not only two distinct things with completely different natures, bu…

The question of the nature of the relationship between someone’s mind and body has been on the philosophical agenda at least since Socrates. It has been rema…

Question by FC 3692230: What problem arise for Descartes as a result of the distinction he draws between mind and body?
Do you believe this problem can be solved? Why or why not?
If it is necessary for Descartes that the mind and body operate according to distinct set of laws, then what is the overarching set of laws that allows the two to interact?
Just asking for your opinion, but tell me a complete opinion, please

Best answer:

Answer by fLuXeDuP
For Descartes, body and mind are two completely different substances. Body is extended, physical, material, while mind is everything that the body is not.

One central problem associated with Cartesian philosophy, and which carries over into other modern thinkers like Hume, Kant, Berkeley, etc., is how two completely different substances can have a relationship with each other. For Descartes, the mind has no causal effect on the body, nor does the body have any causal effect on the mind.

The problem with Descartes’s approach is that he traps subjectivity inside of itself—the mind is better known than the outside world, and it is not clear how the “inside” can have any access at all to the “outside” world.

According to Descartes, the “pineal gland” in the brain explains the connection between the body and the mind. However, this is not a satisfactory solution since it is not clear how a physical thing can be a bridge between the physical body and the immaterial mind.

One way to get around the mind-body dualism is to argue that it relies on a false understanding of consciousness. Edmund Husserl, who is known as the father of a movement called “phenomenology,” argues that consciousness has immediate access to the outside world by virtue of its very structure. Consciousness is essentially “consciousness of…”; consciousness is “intentional” (this has nothing to do with having intentions in the usual sense of the will to choose). To think is essentially to think of something outside of oneself; consciousness for Husserl is by definition in an immediate relationship with the world. So, according to Husserl the mind-body dualism is only a problem if you think that consciousness is a sphere closed upon itself. If we accept that consciousness is from the start “intentional”, then the mind-body dualism ceases to be a problem.

Numerous other solutions have been provided (look up Gilbert Ryle, for instance), but this is the one that seems to make the most sense to me.


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Question by bushmechanic: What is the difference between learning disability and mental health problem?
I want to study mental health at university but my friends think leaning disability is better,what are advantages of studying mental health?

Best answer:

Answer by Rosiekins
Learning disability is a branch of mental health in general. I’d go with Mental Health if it were me. Learning disabilities can be studied further in the field once taken in the general direction. If you choose just learning disabilities then you are focused mainly on a certain part of the brain rather than the entire brain function. I think it really boils down to what you want to do professionally o_o

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Question by Bobby: Solutions or arguments for the mind/body problem?
I just want to know some general solutions/arguments to the mind/body problem from both a dualist and monist view?

Best answer:

Answer by Brandi
I can’t give you a solution to the mind/body problem, or the monist view. I can say that the monist argument is more plausible because its reasons are based on scientific evidence. However, consciousness is a highly subjective experience; science is objective. For example, the identity theorist (a monist view) would argue that brain states and consciousness are the same thing. In order for this theory to work, you would have to be able to imagine neurons firing in your brain equaling your perceptions, memory, thoughts, desires, everything of the mind. They are one and the same according to the identity theorist.
For me, it is hard to imagine an electrochemical message is what makes me who I am. Then again, the dualist view has a harder time proving it.

Descartes wrote on dualism. He wanted to find a belief that he could not doubt through reason. The only way he could do this was to doubt every one of his beliefs until he found a belief that was undoubtable, in which he could base all other new beliefs. He comes to the cogito or the “I think, therefore I am.” and concludes that his mind, or the thing that thinks is the only thing that is undoubtable. However, Descartes forgets that he must trust his reason in order to doubt this far. In his thought experiments, reason surely gets eliminated, so he can’t get to the cogito, which in turn means he does not know that just his mind exists.

Another form of dualism is religious/spiritual beliefs. These are even harder to prove. Descartes tried to get away with it through reason. Spiritual beliefs rely on intuition which cannot be proved. And some of these arguments are not even plausible.

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Question by : is panpsychism the best solution to the mind-body problem?
after researching the metaphysical positions of dulaism, behaviourism, functionalism and the identity theory… i have come across another point of view to consider when approaching the philosophical mind-body problem.
– what is panpsychism?
– how does it rate to other metaphysical positions when solving (if it does solve the problem at all) the mind-body problem?
– is it rationally acceptable?

Best answer:

Answer by JORGE N
Actually it is one more addition to the solution of the mind body relation. All this is activity we find in the human individual as methods used to understand the complex multioriented individual human as he thinks of ways to survive in reality. Any other method is pretty much the same as rocking back and forth in a rocking chair. Lots of activity and movement on the porch but in the end has gotten nowhere.

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Question by : What does Hume think about the Mind/Body problem?
I am a psychology major writing a philosophy paper about The Mind/Body problem and how different types of psychologists view it and how Hume views it. However, I am a little shaky on what exactly Hume believes about this problem and in which texts he speaks about it. Information about either would be greatly appreciated.

Thanks in advance!

Best answer:

Answer by Curtis Edward Clark
Here is a good place to start. “He examines in turn our impressions of interactions between two bodies, between mind and body, and within the mind, and argues that in each case we do not perceive, by experiment or reason, any secret power of necessary connection.”

Since you are a psychology major, you ought to be able to comprehend this link.

And this:

I picked these just for you. For a beginner I would have chosen differently.

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